During the Auction phase of a Bridge game, both sides are bidding so as to obtain the Contract. Bidding determines how many tricks you need to make and in what “strain” (Suit or NT).
During the bidding process specific bids impart information between the partners so while only 15 words it is a rich and diverse “New” language.
So for instance, the opening bid of 1 NT guarantees 12-14 points with a balanced hand. It also means that if the partnership is left in 1NT that they will need to take 7 tricks.
The opening bid of 1 ♥️ is said to be a wide ranging bid and can have HCP between 12 and 19 !! . If the partnership ends up in a contract of 2 ♥️ then they would need to take 8 tricks.
So when we bid the following number of tricks are implied :-
Bids and Tricks
|1||7||Part Score||Part Score|
|2||8||Part Score||Part Score|
|4||10||Game in Majors|
|5||11||Game in Minors|
|6||12||Small Slam||Small Slam|
|7||13||Gand Slam||Garnd Slam|
You will notice that the number of tricks is equal to the “Level” number plus 6 tricks (the Pot or Bucket).
The Bidding Ladder
In Bridge we have two constructs one is the Bid “level” 1 through to 7 and then the rank order of the suits :-
♣️ Clubs ,♦️Diamonds , ♥️ Hearts , ♠️ Spades and then NT No Trumps
NT is higher that ♠️ , which is higher than ♥️ which is higher than ♦️ and then the lowly ♣️
Later on in the course we will learn to use the lowly Club for “other” purposes … Much later onGJS
Types of Bid
|Limit||This closely defines the HCP range of the bid||1Nt = 12-14
|Wide Ranging||This is the opposite to a limit Bid||1 Heart = 12-19
2C = 23+
|Forcing Bid||This Required partner to bid again , either for one round or until game||2C after 1NT opening|
|Invitational Bids||Partner is asked to bid again - if partner has the Max||1NT followed by say 2NT (i.e Bid 3NT if you have 14 points)
|Conventional Bids||A non-natural bid that means something different from the "natural" meaning||Opening bid of 2C shows a "Big" hand and has nothing to do with "Lowly"
|Sign Off Bids||Played if one of the partners know exactly what contract we should be in||Almost always after a limit bid as partner now "knows" what the partnership's Assets are|
When you are in the Bidding phase of the game, each bid you give means something to your partner. You are in a conversation with your partner, you are just using “Bridge Speak”It is your Bridge Language and it is a Language that you MUST be honest in.
Some people thinkBill Shankly
footballBridge Bidding is a matter of life and death. I don’t like that attitude. I can assure them it is much more serious than that